We used behavioral and emotional problem items to construct (a) nosologically based Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) oriented scales from experts' ratings of the items' consistency with DSM-IV (4th ed.; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) diagnostic categories, and (b) statistically based syndromes from factor analyses of adults' self-ratings and ratings of adults by people who knew them (N = 4,628). Quantified, operationally defined, and normed DSM-oriented scales and statistically based syndromes facilitate multitaxonomic approaches to the assessment of adult psychopathology. Psychometric properties and cross-informant correlations were similar for DSM-oriented scales and statistically derived syndromes. Statistical associations between phenotypically similar DSM-oriented scales and statistically based syndromes were moderate to strong. Multitaxonomic approaches can avoid reification of provisional taxa that may result from excessive reliance on a single taxonomic paradigm.
|שפה מקורית||אנגלית אמריקאית|
|כתב עת||Journal of Personality Assessment|
|מזהי עצם דיגיטלי (DOIs)|
|סטטוס פרסום||פורסם - פבר׳ 2005|
|פורסם באופן חיצוני||כן|
הערה ביבליוגרפיתFunding Information:
This article was supported by the Research Center for Children, Youth, and Families and NIMH Grant MH64474. We thank Masha Ivanova and Leslie Rescorla for their helpful comments.
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