The Byzantine – Islamic transition (7 th –8 th centuries CE) in the desert-edge Palaestina Tertia is examined using faunal remains recovered from archaeological sites in the Negev. Archaeozoological analyses suggest sharp differences between Late Byzantine and Early Islamic animal economies, especially in herding patterns and the exploitation of wildlife resources. These differences are suggested to reflect both cultural and land ownership changes following the Arab conquest, against the backdrop of climatic change. The archaeozoological record thereby provides independent evidence to the rise and fall of societal complexity in this marginal region.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This project has received funding from the European Research Council under the EU’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (648427), the Israel Science Foundation (340-14). This study was supported by research grants from the Israel Science Foundation (Grant 340-14) and the European Research Council under the EU’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant 648427). We also wish to thank the Israel National Park Authority for facilitating the excavations in Avdat and Shivta; for the excavators that participated in the digs; and to Aya Mark for her help with the graphics; and Kesem Kazes from the zoological collections at Tel Aviv University.
© 2019, The Author(s).
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