Zooarchaeology and Taphonomy of the Middle-Upper Paleolithic in Bondi Cave, Republic of Georgia

R. Yeshurun, M. H. Moncel, D. Pleurdeau, R. Pinhasi, N. Tushabramishvili, T. Agapishvili, D. Lordkipanidze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present a detailed zooarchaeological and taphonomic study of Bondi Cave, western Georgia, containing Middle Paleolithic and Upper Paleolithic levels. The faunal assemblages are dominated by Caucasian tur (Capra caucasica) and European bison (Bison cf. bonasus). High proportions of specimens bearing cut marks and percussion marks indicate that human activity was the main depositional agent. Carcass transport was selective according to the animal's size. Assemblage characteristics suggest short occupations of the cave by mobile Upper Paleolithic foragers. The general composition of the fauna probably reflects a more open setting for the Upper Paleolithic human occupations in this region, compared to the Holocene.

Original languageEnglish
Article number490
Pages (from-to)2-13
Number of pages12
JournalArchaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2014, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.


  • Caucasus
  • Late Pleistocene
  • hunting
  • paleoecology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Cultural Studies


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