Youth injury and parents' unemployment-the importance of socio-economic status and ethnicity context

Siman-Tov Maya, Tur-Sinai Aviad, Kolobov Tanya, Orna Baron Epel, Harel-Fisch Yossi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Youth whose parents are unemployed have poorer health and well-being, including more injuries that result in hospitalization. The current study examined the possibility of an association of parents' employment status with youth injury and the interaction of this status with other socio-economic factors and ethnicity.

METHODS: We distributed to adolescents aged 11-15 years, in class, the Israel Health Behavior in School-Aged Children Survey. We distinguished between any injury and severe injury, defining the latter as one necessitating the use of a cast, stitches and crutches or overnight hospitalization.

RESULTS: Of 13 705 respondents, 6224 (45%) had an injury in the past year that required medical treatment and 1827 pupils (13.5%) reported severe injuries. The odds of any injury were 1.86 for boys as against girls (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.73-1.99), 0.80 for school grade (95% CI 0.78-0.82), 1.56 for Arabs vs. Jews (95% CI 1.43-1.70) and 1.10 for high Family Affluence Scale (FAS) vs. medium FAS (95% CI 1.01-1.21). Only in the low FAS group, when two parents were unemployed, the odds for severe injury was 1.36 (95% CI 1.03-1.78); when one or two parents were employed, the odds of severe child injury were the same (OR 1.13 and 95% CI 0.92-1.40).

CONCLUSION: Factors that were found to increase the risk of injury among youth were parental unemployment, low socio-economic status and Arab ethnicity. The home environment was the most common place for injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-915
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020

Bibliographical note

© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.


  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Economic Status
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Israel/epidemiology
  • Male
  • Parents
  • Unemployment


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