Yahwistic Identity in the Achaemenid period

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The question of the Yahwistic identity – especially at Elephantine – has seen a resurgence of scholarly attention in recent years, which has highlighted the complexity of this issue. This article offers a new analysis showing that, already in the Achaemenid period, by the fifth century BCE, the Yhwdy label was, contrary to scholarly consensus, an ethno-religious identifier that defined all believers in Yhw – not just those from Yhwd. The identity of the Elephantine Yahwists within this overarching Yhwdy identity was modulated by their identification as rmy – an attribute unique to that community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalZeitschrift fur die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft
Issue number1
StatePublished - 5 Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Walter de Gruyter GmbH. All rights reserved.


  • Achaemenid empire
  • Ancient judaism
  • Elephantine
  • Elephantine
  • Yahwism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Religious studies


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