Workers with Disabilities: Exploring the Hiring Intentions of Nonprofit and For-profit Employers

Brigida Hernandez, Bin Chen, Tal Araten-Bergman, Joel Levy, Michael Kramer, Arie Rimmerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Using the Theory of Planned Behavior as a conceptual framework, focus groups were held with nonprofit and for-profit employers in order to examine behavioral intentions to hire workers with disabilities. Content analysis revealed the following main themes: (1) For-profit hiring strategies were driven by a mission to sell a product or service; (2) Nonprofit hiring strategies were driven by a mission to serve the community; (3) Forprofit hiring and nonprofit hiring were impacted by the economy; (4) Although driven to have diverse workforces, the number of workers with disabilities was largely unknown; and (5) Employer attitudes mattered and impacted job opportunities for people with disabilities. Implications of this qualitative study highlight the utility of the Theory of Planned Behavior and the role that nonprofit managers and leaders may play in improving employment opportunities for individuals with disabilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-249
Number of pages13
JournalEmployee Responsibilities and Rights Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements This project was funded through a Bi-national Science Foundation grant, which supports the collaboration and work of researchers in the United States and Israel. The opinions expressed within this publication are those of the authors’ and not necessarily those of the funder. We wish to extend our gratitude to our participating companies, Elizabeth Repoli, Nicole LePera, Arthur Wang, and Sharon Haughton.


  • Disabilities
  • Employment
  • Sectoral differences
  • Theory of Planned Behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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