Widowhood in the Israeli Arab Muslim Society

Hend Yasien-Esmael, Simon Shimshon Rubin, Yohanan Eshel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Adjustment of Israeli Arab Muslim widows to the traumatic loss of their husbands was examined by comparing their reported ways of coping with those of married women of their community by means of the Two-Track-Bereavement Model. Participants included 93 widows and 86 comparable married women who were mostly middle aged and of middle class. We hypothesized that widows will express concurrently greater suffering and higher resilience to adverse life events compared with married women. It was hypothesized further that positive and close relations to a deceased husband will be reported by Arab widows as well as Arab married women. However, positive relationships of married women will correlate with their own coping supporting attributes, whereas positive relations of widows to their deceased husband will not be associated with their individual characteristics. Results indicated a fourfold factor structure of the bereavement and coping scale which differed from those obtained by Israeli Jewish women and generally supported these hypotheses. It appears that traumatic loss of a husband may enhance widows’ resilience.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-439
Number of pages20
JournalOmega: Journal of Death and Dying
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2017.


  • Arab
  • Muslim
  • Two-Track Coping Questionnaire
  • bereavement
  • coping
  • widows

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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