Why is an inverted car identified much better than an inverted face?

Sam S. Rakover, Arthur Lurie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study shows that the presentation of a pair of the same car in upright and then in inverted orientation (UI-car) or in inverted and upright orientations (IU-car) increases recognition of an inverted car more than recognition of an inverted face given the previous presentation of a UI-face or IU-face. Presentation of a UI-face or IU-face exerts no significant effect on recognition of an inverted face and upright face. The differences between the visual forms of a face and a car and reasons why it is more difficult to unify a UI-face (IU-face) than a UI-car (IU-car) are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-48
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 by the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois.


  • Cognitive visual subsystems
  • Effect of facial inversion
  • Recognition of faces
  • Recognition of objects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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