Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease refers to a heterogeneous group of axonal and demyelinating polyneuropathies, characterized by chronic motor and sensory dysfunction. CMT is the most common genetic cause of neuropathy. The present study aimed to identify the gene mutation responsible for CMT in Ashkenazi Jew (AJ) patient. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood leukocytes of affected family and normal subject. Whole-exome sequencing was performed using the Illumina HiSeq2500. The DNA region containing the identified mutation was amplified by PCR and sequenced using dye-terminator chemistry and the forward primer. Physical examination of the patient revealed weakness and atrophy of the lower extremity muscles and Pes cavus foot deformity. Whole-exome sequencing indicated that the patient is homozygous for a novel frameshift mutation (c.1877_1878insAGAG, p.Arg630fs) in the myotubularin-related protein-2 gene (MTMR2), which resulted in an erroneous C-terminal sequence and extension by 15 amino acids. Patients’ parents are healthy, and DNA sequencing analysis indicated that both are heterozygotes to the described mutation. The clinical feature of the patient may indicate a complete co-segregation of the p.Arg630fs mutation in MTMR2 gene with the CMT type 4B1 phenotype. Further studies are needed in order to estimate the prevalence of this mutation among AJ.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media New York.
- Ashkenazi Jews
- Carboxyl-terminal peptide
- Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
- Frameshift mutation
- Myotubularin-related protein-2 gene
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience