Background: Most of the studies on hospital infections have focused on the perceptions and reported behavior of the medical personnel. This research explore the practices undertaken both by Israeli patients and visitors, in order to maintain a hygienic hospital environment, and to locate the variables that are associated with them. Methods: An online survey of national representative sample of Israeli hospital's visitors and patients adult population, who were hospitalized in the five years before the interview (n=209), and who visited patients in hospitals in the three years before the interview (n=454). Results: Only a minority of patients (24%) comment to medical personnel about maintaining hygiene, while a majority (67%-69%) took active steps to maintain a hygienic environment. The main variables that were found to be associated with patients’ making comments were level of religiousness and gender, whereas priorities, namely whether hospital infections were a high priority, and the frequency of the patient's visits to hospital outpatient clinics, were associated with self-initiated action. Conclusions: In order to reduce barriers to commenting to hospital personnel, we propose framing the subject of hospital hygiene as a matter of health literacy and a subject of public discourse, rather than a sole medical issue
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to thank all the participants of this study and the Israel National Institute for Health Policy Research for funding the research.
Funding: This research was funded by the Israel National Institute for Health Policy Research, grant number 2016\134?.
© 2018 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc.
- Behavioral practices
- Hand hygiene
- Health care-associated infections
- Hygienic hospital environment
- Infection control
- Patients and visitors
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases