What Is Special About the Brain Activity of Mathematically Gifted Adolescents?

Roza Leikin, Mark Leikin, Ilana Waisman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

This paper addresses the neuro-cognitive characterization of super mathematically gifted high school students. The research population consisted of three groups of students excelling in mathematics: super mathematically gifted (S-MG), generally gifted students who excel in school mathematics (G-EM), and students who excel in school mathematics but are not identified as being generally gifted (NG-EM). An Event Related Potentials (ERP) research methodology was employed to examine behavioral and electrophysiological measures associated with insight-based and learning-based problem solving. Forty-two male adolescents participated in the study. Analysis of the electrical potentials evoked when solving these two distinct types of problems revealed three types of neuro-efficiency effects, which highlight the different characteristics of electrical activity of super mathematically gifted students. These characteristics are predominantly task-dependent, emerge at different stages of the task and are reflected in different scalp topography.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCreativity and Giftedness
Subtitle of host publicationInterdisciplinary perspectives from mathematics and beyond
EditorsR. Leikin, B. Sriraman
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
PublisherSpringer International Publishing AG
Pages165-182
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-38840-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-38838-0
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Aug 2016

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