Wartime neurosurgical experience in Lebanon, 1982-85. II: Closed craniocerebral injuries

L. Levi, B. Borovich, J. N. Guilburd, I. Grushkiewicz, A. Lemberger, S. Linn, I. Schachter, M. Zaaroor, J. Braun, M. Feinsod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This report presents 64 patients who sustained military-related closed craniocerebral injuries during the Lebanon conflict of 1982-85, all of whom underwent CT scanning at the initial assessment. Of these, 59% required surgery for removal of hematomas, depressed fractures and for monitoring intracranial pressure, in addition to intensive care management of elevated intracranial pressure and associated insults. CT scan revealed brain concussion only in 23%, depressed fracture in 9%, brain contusion alone in 17%, extracerebral hematomas in 17%, intracerebral hematomas in 11%, and diffuse axonal injury in 22%. Overall mortality was 19%, and the outcome was good in 69%. Various factors affecting survival are discussed, and our findings are compared with those in the literature concerning closed head injuries among civilians. Attention is drawn to the high proportion of diffuse brain injury due to blasts caused by side mines. Despite continued efforts to hasten evacuation from the field and improve the management of warfare-related head trauma, the outcome is still far from satisfactory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)555-558
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Journal of Medical Sciences
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes


  • Brain surgery
  • closed craniocerebral injury
  • military
  • neurosurgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering


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