Visual processing in generally gifted and mathematically excelling adolescents

Nurit Paz-Baruch, Roza Leikin, Mark Leikin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Little empirical data are available concerning the cognitive abilities of gifted individuals in general and especially those who excel in mathematics. We examined visual processing abilities distinguishing between general giftedness (G) and excellence in mathematics (EM). The research population consisted of 190 students from four groups of 10th- To 12th-grade students who differed in their G and EM levels. The students performed a battery of visual processing tests: visual-spatial memory, visual speed of information processing (SVIP), visual perception (VP), and visual attention (VA). The results demonstrate that EM type has a significant effect on the Backward Corsi-Span, whereas G type has a main effect on the Pattern-Recognition test and d2- CP (concentration performance) and d2-E (number of errors) scores in the attention test. SVIP and the fluctuation rate in VA tests (d2-FR) were associated with both G and EM types. The current study identified two different components of visual processing that were accordingly termed Visual-Serial and Pattern-Recall. It seems that G-EM students can be characterized by superior performance on Visual-Serial processing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-258
Number of pages22
JournalJournal for the Education of the Gifted
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2016.


  • Attention
  • Excellence in mathematics
  • Giftedness
  • Visual processing
  • Visual speed of information processing
  • Visual-spatial memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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