Virtual Sea-Drifting Experiments between the Island of Cyprus and the Surrounding Mainland in the Early Prehistoric Eastern Mediterranean

Phaedon Kyriakidis, Theodora Moutsiou, Andreas Nikolaidis, Christian Reepmeyer, Georgios Leventis, Stella Demesticha, Evangelos Akylas, Vasiliki Kassianidou, Constantine Michailides, Zomenia Zomeni, Daniella E. Bar-Yosef Mayer, Yizhaq Makovsky, Carole McCartney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Seaborne movement underpins frontier research in prehistoric archaeology, including water-crossings in the context of human dispersals, and island colonisation. Yet, it also controls the degree of interaction between locations, which in turn is essential for investigating the properties of maritime networks. The onset of the Holocene (circa 12,000 years ago) is a critical period for understanding the origins of early visitors/inhabitants to the island of Cyprus in the Eastern Mediterranean in connection with the spread of Neolithic cultures in the region. The research undertaken in this work exemplifies the synergies between archaeology, physical sciences and geomatics, towards providing novel insights on the feasibility of drift-induced seaborne movement and the corresponding trip duration between Cyprus and coastal regions on the surrounding mainland. The overarching objective is to support archaeological inquiry regarding the possible origins of these visitors/inhabitants—Anatolia and/or the Levant being two suggested origins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3081-3099
Number of pages19
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was conducted in the context of project SaRoCy: Delineating probable sea routes between Cyprus and its surrounding coastal areas at the start of the Holocene: A simulation approach, funded by the European Regional Development Fund and the Republic of Cyprus through the Research and Innovation Foundation of Cyprus under contract EXCELLENCE/0918/0143.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.


  • early Holocene
  • maritime mobility
  • non-directed seaborne movement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Conservation
  • Archaeology
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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