Views, attitudes, and reported practices of nephrology nurses regarding shared decision-making in end-of-life care

Wassiem Bassam Abu Hatoum, Daniel Sperling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is the final stage of chronic kidney disease. Yet dialysis is not suitable for all ESRD patients. Moreover, while shared decision-making (SDM) is the preferred model for making medical decisions, little is known about SDM between nephrology nurses and ESRD patients in Israel.

RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: Assessing the views, attitudes, practices, and ethical dilemmas of nephrology nurses in Israel regarding SDM with ESRD patients.

METHODS: Using the descriptive quantitative approach, questionnaires were completed by 444 nephrology nurses in Israel. In addition to conducting descriptive statistics, t-tests for independent samples, f-tests for analysis of variance, and both tests for independence were also performed.

ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The research aims, expected advantages and risks have been explained to respondents before completing the questionnaire to secure informed consent. Anonymity and confidentiality were ensured throughout the study. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee at the University of Haifa (Approval # 411/21).

RESULTS: About one-third (30%-36.5%) of nurses reported discussing quality of life issues with ESRD patients, asking about their advance directives/power of attorney, exploring cultural/religious beliefs in end-of-life care, and ask about their preferred place of death. Nurses who convey high levels of patient-centered care (68.9%, p<0.0001), have high end-of-life training (76.2%, p<0.0001), and report cooperating with interdisciplinary teams (63.8%, p = 0.0415), also reported higher SDM practices than others. Nurses who refer less patients to palliative care (70%, p<0.0001) reported higher involvement in SDM compared to other nurses.

CONCLUSIONS: Nephrology nurses in Israel do not tend to implement the SDM model, despite its potential for improving quality of life for ESRD patients and their families and increasing conservative care options. Policy makers and educators in Israel should develop and implement training programs and support in the workplace, to enhance SDM between nephrology nurses and ESRD patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNursing Ethics
Early online date4 Oct 2023
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 4 Oct 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.

Keywords

  • End-stage renal disease
  • end-of-life
  • nephrology nurses
  • shared decision-making

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Issues, ethics and legal aspects

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