The use of videoconferencing (VC) technology in legal hearings has been expanding recently. However, the effects of using VC in court hearings on different elements of procedural justice have not yet been widely investigated. Systematic observations conducted in 370 extension-of-detention hearings were used to compare the court settings and dimensions of procedural justice between hearings where the detainee was present in person vs. through VC. Multivariate regression analysis indicates that the voice, respect, and neutrality elements of procedural justice are significantly lower in VC hearings than in-person hearings, controlling for various variables. The findings suggest that legal bodies should consider measures to improve the quality of procedural justice during VC hearings, thereby improving satisfaction and acceptance of courts’ decisions.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
- COVID-19 pandemic
- detention during investigation hearings
- procedural justice
- systematic observations
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Health(social science)
- Applied Psychology