Varieties of welfare markets from a street-level perspective: Comparing long-term care services in Germany and Israel

Nissim Cohen, Tanja Klenk, Maayan Davidovitz, Sarah Cardaun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


How does the marketization of social service provision impact the practices of street-level bureaucrats (SLBs) towards their clients? To explore this question, we compare the markets for ambulatory long-term care for the elderly in Germany and Israel, which differ in the latitude of choice offered to clients and the intensity of state regulation. Based on 52 qualitative interviews with SLBs and managers of care providers, our study shows that in both countries, institutional contexts play a significant role in shaping street-level bureaucracy practices. We found that SLBs and managers in Israel engage in entrepreneurial behavior, whereas their German counterparts adopt administrative practices. By identifying these tendencies as responses to the respective welfare market characteristics, the article makes an important contribution to the field of comparative SLB research and furthers our understanding of the broader implications of the marketization of welfare services.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPublic Administration Review
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
German‐Israel Foundation for Scientific Research & Development, Grant/Award Number: I‐1414‐119.4/2017 Funding information

Funding Information:
This work was supported by German‐Israel Foundation for Scientific Research & Development (I‐1414‐119.4/2017).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Public Administration Review published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society for Public Administration.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Marketing


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