Valuing instream and riparian aspects of stream restoration - A willingness to tax approach

Boaz Barak, David Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Streams provide a variety of ecosystem and recreational services. Several studies have documented that the public often has a strong willingness to pay for stream restoration, however, many do not distinguish between the values for different types of uses of restored streams. Given that stream restoration can include a variety of actions both instream and along streambanks, which differ widely in terms of cost, it is important to distinguish between such benefits. Taking Israel as a case study, this paper uses an approach based on respondents' willingness to allocate tax monies in a choice modeling framework to evaluate the relative priorities that the public assigns to instream versus land-based uses of stream areas. In Israel, some rehabilitation of streambanks and riparian areas has occurred, but much less progress has been made on instream improvements, which would demand allocation of water, a scarce and pricey resource in the region. Respondents indicated a slight preference for land-based uses. Greater familiarity with streams was associated with higher utility from land uses. This indicates that less costly rehabilitation of land along stream banks is a reasonable first step for policymakers to take, before attempting more costly efforts requiring allocation of instream flows.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-212
Number of pages9
JournalLand Use Policy
StatePublished - 1 May 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015.


  • Choice modeling
  • Instream uses
  • Land use
  • Non-market valuation
  • Riparian areas
  • Stream restoration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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