Utilization of ADCCs and quality of life among older adults: ethno-regional disparities in Israel

Adi Vitman-Schorr, Rabia Khalaila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Adult day care centers (ADCCs) are a common service provided for frail older adults in the community. We examined the influence of older adults’ utilization of ADCC’s on their quality of life (QoL), and whether ethno-regional disparities are factors in the gaps found concerning QoL in different regions and between different ethnic groups. Methods: Cross sectional data were collected through structured interviews with 360 older adults attending ADCCs. Participants represented three ethnic groups and three regions in Israel. QoL was assessed by SF-36 questionnaire. Results: The results revealed a positive correlation between weekly hours at the ADCC, satisfaction with attending ADCC, and QoL. Older adults living in the central region had higher QoL than those living in the southern and northern regions. Veteran Israeli Jews reported higher QoL than FSU immigrants Israeli Arabs in all regions. Connection to one’s residential area was also correlated with QoL. A significant moderating effect of the interaction (ethnicity*area of residence) on QoL was also revealed. Conclusions: Attending ADCC is a vital community services to promote QoL in later life. Gaps in ADCC utilization between ethnic groups and residential region may cause disparities in QoL, specifically, in minority groups and those living in peripheral regions. Service providers should minimize the disparities by improving accessibility and availability for each person regardless of ethnicity and region of residence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 3 Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).


  • Day care center
  • Ethnic groups
  • Older adults
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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