Using international emotional picture sets in countries suffering from violence

Hadas Okon-Singer, Ora Kofman, Joseph Tzelgov, Avishai Henik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It is hypothesized that ratings of emotional stimuli are affected by a constant threat of traumatic events. Ratings of valence and arousal on the International Affective Picture System from young adults in the United States were compared to those of young Israeli adults. Israelis rated the pictures as less negative and less positive than did participants from the United States. Israeli women gave higher arousal ratings compared to the American women. These differences may be due to compulsory military service in Israel, during which exposure to traumatic events is more likely to occur, and to the timing of the study which followed a year of frequent suicide bomb attacks. The authors suggest that these findings may reflect mild symptoms of stress disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-242
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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