US management of Middle East war and peace: Between defensive realism and offensive liberalism

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


How does the US manage regional conflicts and their escalation to wars? In responding to this question, four management types can be derived. The objectives can focus on either the regional balance of power (BOP)1 or the domestic character of the regional states. The means can be either a unilateral approach or a multilateral one. These management types can approximate theoretical International Relations (IR) approaches. In general, realists focus on the regional balance of power, 2 while liberals focus on the domestic character of the state.3 Furthermore, the defensive approach, either realist or liberal, uses multilateral means, while the offensive approach uses unilateral means. Thus, four management types emerge – offensive realism, defensive realism, offensive liberalism, and defensive liberalism (see Table 1.1).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUS–Israeli Relations in a New Era
Subtitle of host publicationIssues and challenges after 9/11
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9781134022519
ISBN (Print)9780415477017
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2008

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2009 Selection and editorial matter, Eytan Gilboa and Efraim Inbar. All rights reserved

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Arts and Humanities
  • General Social Sciences


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