US Invasion of Iraq, 2003: Indirect Link of ISIS Rising

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study will describe an indirect link of the US Invasion of Iraq (2003) and test how the US occupation of Iraq served, from an American perspective, as a derivative product with negative side effects several years later in the Middle East. In seeking to understand the dynamic of any event in foreign policy, political scientists need to be aware of the role and spread of key ideas and how they emerged, developed, and eventually influenced events. Accordingly, analysis of existing perceptions should also consider the critical impacts of past events and crises. “The power of the ideas,” as presented by the rebirth of the ancient idea of the Muslim Caliphate, was mostly covert throughout the years. However, understanding this event requires examining the formative influence of the US Invasion of Iraq (2003), which ended with the Islamic State taking power in Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS). This radical group has declared a Muslim Caliphate and claims control over a large area of Iraq and Syria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)188-201
Number of pages14
JournalContemporary Review of the Middle East
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.


  • ISIS
  • Middle East conflicts
  • US invasion of Iraq (2003)
  • US involvements
  • complex theory of international relations
  • democratic peace theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Political Science and International Relations


Dive into the research topics of 'US Invasion of Iraq, 2003: Indirect Link of ISIS Rising'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this