During the late Ottoman period the city of Gaza was caught up in internal political strife. The city's elite families tended to operate within rival factions while trying to draw Istanbul into its internal conflicts. In this context, they formed complex relationships with the elite of Jerusalem that dominated Palestine's politics, as well as with peasants and Bedouins in Gaza's hinterland. The article presents the first systematic account of factional strife in Gaza during the period. In addition, it examines what caused the internal divisions in Gaza to be so severe and considers whether factionalism also played out in the urban space. It is argued that (1) the severity of this factionalism derived from the rising stakes resulting from imperial politics and economic benefits, and (2) factionalism and urban development interacted with each other, leading to a particular type of 'spatialized factionalism'. We suggest that this perspective can lead to a better understanding of both urban politics and urban development in other towns and cities in the Ottoman Empire's Arab provinces.
|Number of pages||44|
|Journal||Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient|
|State||Published - 2018|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
* We would like to thank Butrus Abu-Manneh for his help in previous stages of this research; Khaled Safi, Dotan Halevy, Sarah Büssow-Schmitz and Ahmad Fahoum for their useful and eye-opening remarks on this paper; Noga Yoselevich for editing Gatt’s map; and finally, the three anonymous reviewers whose remarks helped us improve this article consider-ably. Research for this paper was financed by the generous support of the German-Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development (GIF).
© Koninklijke Brill Nv, Leiden, 2018.
- Late Ottoman Palestine
- Ottoman Empire
- Politics of notables
- Urban history
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science
- Economics and Econometrics