This meta-analysis updated evidence regarding sensory over-responsivity (SOR), under-responsivity (SUR) and seeking symptoms in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) relative to typical controls and those with other conditions. Fifty-five questionnaire studies included 4606 individuals with ASD. Moderators tested were age, IQ, male ratio, matching group, and self-report. Compared to typical controls, effect size was large and significant for SOR, SUR, and Seeking but heterogeneous. For Seeking, age, IQ and self-report were significant moderators. Compared with developmental disorders (DDs) groups, effect size was significantly positive for SOR and Seeking; whereas compared with other clinical groups, only SOR was significant. These findings highlight the core nature of sensory symptoms in ASD and particularly SOR. Explanatory factors are yet to be revealed.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work has been supported by a National Institute of Psychobiology Dylan Tauber Young Investigator Grant awarded to Dr. A. Ben-Sasson (Grant Number 204-177-18b).
© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.
- Autism spectrum disorders
- Sensory profile
- Sensory symptoms
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology