Unraveling the diversity and cultural heritage of fruit crops through paleogenomics

Meirav Meiri, Guy Bar-Oz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Abundant and plentiful fruit crops are threatened by the loss of diverse legacy cultivars which are being replaced by a limited set of high-yielding ones. This article delves into the potential of paleogenomics that utilizes ancient DNA analysis to revive lost diversity. By focusing on grapevines, date palms, and tomatoes, recent studies showcase the effectiveness of paleogenomic techniques in identifying and understanding genetic traits crucial for crop resilience, disease resistance, and nutritional value. The approach not only tracks landrace dispersal and introgression but also sheds light on domestication events. In the face of major future environmental challenges, integrating paleogenomics with modern breeding strategies emerges as a promising avenue to significantly bolster fruit crop sustainability.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTrends in Genetics
Early online date28 Feb 2024
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 28 Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors

Keywords

  • ancient DNA
  • archaeobotany
  • cultivar
  • cultural history
  • genetic diversity
  • landrace

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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