Understanding and Enhancing Occupational Therapists’ Use of Standard Family-Centered Measures

Liat Gafni-Lachter, Ayelet Ben-Sasson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Importance: The use of standard family-centered measures (FCMs) is imperative to guide family-centered care (FCC) interventions and monitor their outcomes. Objective: To measure the frequency of FCM use and evaluate the effectiveness of experiential learning and reflection to increase their use. Design: Descriptive and two-group pre–post comparative training study. Setting: Continuing education center. Participants: Phase 1 included 145 health care providers. Phase 2 included 44 school-based occupational therapists who participated in Phase 1. Intervention: Phase 2 participants enrolled in 30-hr FCC training that included a 2-hr workshop on FCM. One group (n = 22) conducted an FCM with a family and wrote a reflective report. Outcomes and Measures: All participants completed the Measure of Processes of Care–Service Provider (MPOC–SP) questionnaire and reported how frequently they used FCMs. Results: FCM use rates were low (50%, not at all; 26%, to a very small extent). The extent of FCC was correlated with FCM use (r = .24–.30, p < .01). A Wilcoxon signed-rank test demonstrated that participants who administered an FCM with a family and reflected on this experience showed significant increases (Z = 176.0, p = .001) in FCM use compared with participants who were only instructed about available FCM. A Mann–Whitney U test confirmed the difference (U = 3.54, p = .012). Conclusions and Relevance: FCM use is sparse, but experiential and reflective activities are simple keys to promoting FCC and integrating FCM into practice. What This Article Adds: Training designers, educators, and managers should consider integrating experiential learning to enhance providers’ expertise and quality of care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7606205110
JournalAmerican Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume76
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Occupational Therapists
  • Health Personnel
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Education, Continuing
  • Attitude of Health Personnel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Occupational Therapy

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