Objective: Although trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBTs) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been applied worldwide, the nature of how these Western-based interventions are applied in diverse settings has varied. This paper systematically reviewed the literature on how trauma-focused CBTs have been applied and adapted cross-culturally. Method: A systematic review of studies that discuss the process of cultural adaptation of trauma-focused CBTs. Results: Seventeen papers were included and varied in the comprehensiveness of the adaptation process. Two studies stated that a theoretical framework was followed. Almost one-third of the studies did not report whether local stakeholders were involved in the process of application. Fifteen studies examined the efficacy of the adaptations and the results were positive, but the methodology and quality varied. Conclusion: There are inconsistencies in how trauma-focused CBTs are culturally adapted. A systematic approach to the transportation of such therapies would enable greater investigation into the necessity and efficacy of such adaptations.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
- cross-cultural psychotherapy
- cultural adaptation
- posttraumatic stress disorder
- systematic review
- trauma-focused cognitive-behavior therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Psychology
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)