The study aimed to examine the discrete effect of objective (type of trauma and demographic characteristics) and subjective (proximity to the trauma, subjective experience of the trauma as a threat, the Big Five personality traits, and dissociative symptoms) factors on the risk for PTSD among 1,210 undergraduate students. The findings indicate that survivors of physical/sexual assault scored the highest on proximity to the trauma, subjective experience of the trauma as a threat, neuroticism, dissociation, and PTSD symptoms. In addition, subjective experience of the trauma, proximity to it, type of trauma, dissociation, and neuroticism were associated with the risk for PTSD symptoms. The findings point to the significance of both subjective and objective variables in the risk for PTSD symptoms.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2016, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
- personality traits
- traumatic events
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology
- Psychiatric Mental Health
- Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Psychiatry and Mental health