Transvaginal sonographic measurement of fetal lingual width in early pregnancy

Moshe Bronshtein, Etan Z. Zimmer, Dov Tzidony, Joel Hajos, Mordechai Jaeger, Shraga Blazer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Our objective was to construct a nomogram of the fetal lingual size in early pregnancy and to assess the size of the tongue in abnormal fetuses. The lingual width was measured by using transvaginal ultrasonography in 80 normal fetuses at 13 and 18 weeks' gestation. In addition the tongue was measured in 22 fetuses at these gestational ages who had an abnormal karyotype or oro-facial malformations. A linear relationship was found between the lingual width and gestational age in normal fetuses. The lingual size was within the normal range in cases of trisomy 13, trisomy 21 and Turner syndrome. A small tongue was observed in fetuses with micrognathia. Correlation between lingual width and gestational age was observed in early pregnancy. The relationship between the size of the tongue and oro-facial malformations needs further evaluation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-580
Number of pages4
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Early pregnancy
  • Fetus
  • Lingual width
  • Malformations
  • Transvaginal sonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Genetics(clinical)


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