Tracking shoreline evolution in central Cyclades (Greece) using beachrocks

Anna Karkani, Niki Evelpidou, Matteo Vacchi, Christophe Morhange, Sumiko Tsukamoto, Manfred Frechen, Ηampik Maroukian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Beachrocks represent a significant paleo-environmental proxy because they can record both the vertical and the horizontal evolution of the shoreline. They have often been used to assess Holocene shoreline evolution and crustally induced Relative Sea-Level (RSL) changes in the Mediterranean Sea. In this paper, we used submerged beachrocks from Paros and Naxos Islands (Aegean Sea, Greece) to reconstruct the shoreline modification and provide new insights on the RSL evolution in central Cyclades. Paros and Naxos Islands are of great importance in terms of archaeological evidence of coastal occupation. However, the evolution of their coastlines was seldom explored. In this study, we coupled detailed underwater surveys, analysis of aerial photogrammetry, microstratigraphic analysis and luminescence dating to study beachrock outcrops found down to about 6 m below the present sea-level. We, then, spatially and chronologically constrained some major palaeogeographical changes of a number of coastal sectors of the two islands. Furthermore, the multiple analyses of beachrocks, sediment coring and archaeological data suggested that RSL rose by at least 3.8 m in the last 4.0 ka and that RSL variation in the last 2.0 ka did not exceed 2 m with respect to the present mean sea level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-37
Number of pages13
JournalMarine Geology
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.


  • Beachrocks
  • Coastal geomorphology
  • Holocene
  • Luminescence dating
  • Naxos
  • Paros
  • Sea level changes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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