Towards an Empirically Grounded Model of Psychotherapy Training: Four thousand therapists rate influences on their development

David E. Orlinsky, Jean François Botermans, M. Helge Rønnestad, The SPR Collaborative Research Network, Hansruedi Ambühl, M. H. Ronnestad, John M. Davis, Paul Gerin, Marcia Davis, Ulrike Willutzki, Jean-François Botermans, Alice Dazord, Manfred Cierpka, Nicoletta Aapro, Peter Buchheim, Sue Bae, Christine Davidson, Eric Friis-Jorgensen, Eunsun Joo, Ekaterina KalmykovaJan Meyerberg, Terry Northcut, Barbara Parks, Elena Scherb, Thomas Schroder, Gaby Shefler, Dan Stiwne, Scott Stuart, Margarita Tarragona, Antonio Branco Vasco, Hadas Wiseman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


AbstractVarious influences on their own development as therapists were rated by more than 4,000 psychotherapists who differed in terms of professional background, career level, theoretical orientation, and nationality. Despite these and other differences, considerable agreement was found concerning the factors that facilitate or impede professional development. Most important as positive influences were practice-related interpersonal situations, chiefly the experience of working directly with patients, as well as formal supervision and the therapist's own personal therapy. Academic learning, whether by taking courses or reading books and journals, was accorded a significant but distinctly secondary role. Institutional conditions of practice were the only noteworthy negative influence. Implications of these findings for an empirically grounded model of psychotherapist training include proposals for an early start to direct patient contact and concurrent development of clinical skill through supportive supervisory relations and successful personal therapy or an equivalent experience, along with relevant didactic work.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-148
Number of pages10
JournalAustralian Psychologist
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2001

Bibliographical note

doi: 10.1080/00050060108259646


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