Toward a Typology of Journalism Careers: Conceptualizing Israeli Journalists' Occupational Trajectories

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Journalism studies scholarship tends to emphasize professionalism as an occupational ideal, while scholarship on the culture industries stresses the salience of insecure careers. We argue that an exhaustive typology of journalism careers is needed to capture the potential variability in the structure of journalistic labor. This typology distinguishes professional, bureaucratic, entrepreneurial, unwillingly entrepreneurial, and nonemployed careers, and is relevant to a broader set of occupations in the culture industries. We illustrate this typology through an analysis of the occupational life histories of 60 Israeli journalists. This allows us to explain the dual nature of professionalism in journalism as a rhetoric nested within particular institutional contexts and this occupational rhetoric's splitting into “tribes of professionalism.”.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-211
Number of pages19
JournalCommunication, Culture and Critique
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Israel Science Foundation (Grant number 307/11). We presented an earlier version of this paper at the Culture Industries Workshop held at the University of Haifa, September 30th ? October 3rd, 2013. We wish to thank the workshop participants for their helpful comments.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 International Communication Association

Keywords

  • Culture Industries
  • Israel
  • Journalism
  • Life Histories
  • Profession
  • Work

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Communication
  • Computer Science Applications

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