Journalism studies scholarship tends to emphasize professionalism as an occupational ideal, while scholarship on the culture industries stresses the salience of insecure careers. We argue that an exhaustive typology of journalism careers is needed to capture the potential variability in the structure of journalistic labor. This typology distinguishes professional, bureaucratic, entrepreneurial, unwillingly entrepreneurial, and nonemployed careers, and is relevant to a broader set of occupations in the culture industries. We illustrate this typology through an analysis of the occupational life histories of 60 Israeli journalists. This allows us to explain the dual nature of professionalism in journalism as a rhetoric nested within particular institutional contexts and this occupational rhetoric's splitting into “tribes of professionalism.”.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Israel Science Foundation (Grant number 307/11). We presented an earlier version of this paper at the Culture Industries Workshop held at the University of Haifa, September 30th – October 3rd, 2013. We wish to thank the workshop participants for their helpful comments.
© 2015 International Communication Association
- Culture Industries
- Life Histories
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cultural Studies
- Computer Science Applications