Tourism and the local communities: The Interplay between Tourism and the Community

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter deals with the multifaceted interrelations between host communities, tourists and tourism in and around World Heritage Sites. More specifically, it looks at the socio-cultural impacts of tourism and tourists’ behavior in sites that are supposedly managed in a sustainable way. In reality, however, many WHSs are not managed in a sustainable manner. Thus, negative socio-cultural impacts become inevitable. This chapter proposes both policies and guidelines on how to deal with such problem before, while and/or after WHSs have been transformed into tourist attractions. In the heart of
this policy lies a fundamental sustainability principle of community-based and/or community-centered tourism. This concept puts the host community in the center of any tourism planning, development and operational process. It is based on an ideology of socio-economic inclusion of such communities, public participation in decisionmaking and planning and bottom-up development approach. It is believed that if the guidelines and steps specified in the chapter are implemented, WHSs will become much
more socio-culturally sustainable.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTourism Management at UNESCO World Heritage Sites
EditorsSilvia De Ascaniis, Maria Gravari-Barbas, Lorenzo Cantoni
Place of PublicationLugano
PublisherUniversità della Svizzera italiana
StatePublished - 2018


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