Tomboyism, sexual orientation, and adult gender roles among Israeli women

Marilyn P. Safir, Amir Rosenmann, Orly Kloner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The purpose of this study was to examine self-reported connections between sexual orientation (SO) and tomboyism in an Israeli sample. This study also focused on the connection between tomboyism and adult gender roles, and between gender roles and SO. A sample of 127 participants was solicited from lesbian organizations and from workplaces. Participants' SO was self-defined twice, using a forced choice and a Kinsey-type scale. Results revealed a connection between tomboyism and lesbianism. The overall level of tomboyism was lower then reported elsewhere. A relationship between tomboyism and gender roles emerged only for adolescence, and SO was only marginal related to gender roles. The definitions of tomboyism, cultural effects, Israeli society, adolescence gender roles, and bisexualism are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-410
Number of pages10
JournalSex Roles
Issue number9-10
StatePublished - May 2003


  • Bisexual
  • Gender role
  • Israel
  • Lesbian
  • Sexual orientation
  • Tomboy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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