The Use of Artificial Intelligence-based Technologies in Palliative Care: Advancing Patient Well-being at the End-of-life and Enhancing the Implementation of the Dying Patient Act

Shani Ben Shetrit, Jamal Daghash, Daniel Sperling

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In recent years, we have been experiencing a technological revolution, which signifies an ethical and societal transformation. Artificial intelligence (Al) based technologies have gradually permeated all aspects of life and solidified their position. Within this context, the emergence of these technologies offers new opportunities in the medical field, including palliative care, which is aimed at alleviating suffering and improving the quality of life for terminally ill patients and their families. In Israel, the Dying Patient Act of 2005 (the law), which promotes values such as the sanctity of life and individual autonomy, allows terminally ill patients to determine their preferred treatment, and withhold life-saving treatment under certain circumstances. The law represents a significant step toward improving care for terminally ill patients, reducing pain and suffering, and respecting the patient's wishes and worldviews in their final days. However, the practical implementation of the law has encountered numerous challenges, ranging from lack of familiarity among doctors and healthcare professionals and the requirement to determining life expectancy to fulfilling the law's purpose. These challenges are associated with ethical, cultural, and religious perspectives. In this article, we describe how Al-based technologies hold immense potential in applying the law and providing palliative care based on their predictive capabilities, prognostic accuracy, and optimization of treatment as well as communication between patients and healthcare providers. However, as an innovative, developing, and complex technology, it is crucial not to overlook the ethical, societal, and legal challenges inherent in implementing and using Al-based technologies in the context of palliative care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-129
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume26
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Israel Medical Association. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • artificial intelligence (Al)
  • Dying Patient Act
  • palliative care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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