The Ubiquitin-like Proteins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Swarnab Sengupta, Elah Pick

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In this review, we present a comprehensive list of the ubiquitin-like modifiers (Ubls) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a common model organism used to study fundamental cellular processes that are conserved in complex multicellular organisms, such as humans. Ubls are a family of proteins that share structural relationships with ubiquitin, and which modify target proteins and lipids. These modifiers are processed, activated and conjugated to substrates by cognate enzymatic cascades. The attachment of substrates to Ubls alters the various properties of these substrates, such as function, interaction with the environment or turnover, and accordingly regulate key cellular processes, including DNA damage, cell cycle progression, metabolism, stress response, cellular differentiation, and protein homeostasis. Thus, it is not surprising that Ubls serve as tools to study the underlying mechanism involved in cellular health. We summarize current knowledge on the activity and mechanism of action of the S. cerevisiae Rub1, Smt3, Atg8, Atg12, Urm1 and Hub1 modifiers, all of which are highly conserved in organisms from yeast to humans.

Original languageEnglish
Article number734
JournalBiomolecules
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • Atg12
  • Atg8
  • Hub1
  • NEDDylation
  • Rub1
  • S. cerevisiae
  • SUMOylation
  • Smt3
  • Ubls
  • Urm1
  • proteostasis
  • ubiquitin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry

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