The suitability of several introduced species of abalone (Gastropoda:Haliotidae) for land-based culture with pond-grown seaweed in Israel

Muki Shpigel, Amir Neori, Alison Marshall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Abalone, a macroalgivore gastropod mollusc, is in high demand in world seafood markets. The production of these gastropods is limited by the short supply of their food, marine seaweed. At the National Center for Mariculture (NCM) in Eilat (Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea), Israel, we have developed a culture system that can produce marine macroalgivores on large quantities of nutritious seaweed cultured in seawater fishpond effluents. Two valuable species of abalone, Haliotis fulgens from California and Haliotis discus hannai from Japan, have been brought to the NCM as new candidates for intensive culture, in addition to the previously introduced Haliotis tuberculata. Despite the differences between Eilat and their natural habitats in climate and in chemical and physical conditions, both species acclimated and reproduced well in Eilat. Survival of the spat of all species fell to less than 5% by 8 weeks. The surviving spats grew in one year to 31, 14 and 28 mm in H. fulgens, H. discus hannai and H. tuberculata, respectively. Middle-sized animals (19-37 mm) of these three species grew daily 0.21%, 0.17% and 0.23%, respectively, with survival of 99%, 96% and 80%, respectively, and an FCR (food conversion ratio, in g fresh feed consumption/ g weight gain) of 14, 22 and 26, respectively. In these growth trials, all size-groups of H. fulgens, like H. tuberculata, grew much faster than reported in the literature. Thus, both of these species seem like good candidates for commercial culture in Israel. On the contrary, H. discus hannai, foras yet unknown reasons, grew slower than in published reports, hence it is not yet ready for commercial culture in Israel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-200
Number of pages9
JournalIsraeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


Dive into the research topics of 'The suitability of several introduced species of abalone (Gastropoda:Haliotidae) for land-based culture with pond-grown seaweed in Israel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this