The status of religion in emergent political regimes: Lessons from Turkey and Israel

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Why do some newly formed regimes incorporate religion in various dimensions of public affairs, while others relegate religious actors and content to the private sphere? This article offers an explanatory model with four key components that together determine the status of religion in newborn political regimes: (1) the pervasiveness of religion in the old order; (2) the overlap among different ingredients of national-identity; (3) the constraints of demographic realities; and (4) the period before and during the formation of the new regime as critical juncture. The model is applied and tested in the cases of Israel and Turkey, which in many respects represent opposite trends - accommodation and marginalization, respectively - that produced broad and long-term consequences for their respective political regimes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-512
Number of pages20
JournalNations and Nationalism
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2013


  • Critical juncture
  • Emergent regimes
  • Israel
  • National-identity
  • Religion
  • Turkey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Political Science and International Relations


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