The state of municipal solid waste management in Israel

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Regulation is a key tool for implementing municipal solid waste (MSW) management strategies and plans. While local authorities in Israel are responsible for the storage, collection, and disposal of MSW, Israel’s Ministry of Environmental Protection (MoEP) is responsible for the formulation and implementation of waste management policies and legislation. For the past 12 years, about 80% of the MSW in Israel has been landfilled and recycling rates have not increased, despite regulations. This paper presents the state of MSW management in Israel in light of the MoEP’s strategic goal of landfilling reduction, the regulations and legislation designed and implemented for achieving this goal, and the ensuing results. Among other things, the results indicate the importance of monitoring and assessing policy and regulations to examine whether regulation is in fact effective and whether it keeps track of its own targets and goals or not. It is also concluded that even when there is an extensive regulation that includes a wide range of laws, economic penalties and financial incentives (such as landfill levy and financing of MSW separation at source arrangements), this does not guarantee proper treatment or even an improvement in waste management. The key to success is first and foremost a suitable infrastructure that will enable achievement of the desired results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-534
Number of pages8
JournalWaste Management and Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, © The Author(s) 2018.


  • Municipal solid waste
  • legislation
  • municipal solid waste management
  • recycling
  • regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Engineering


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