Thriving populations of the Spiny Oyster Spondylus spinosus Schreibers, 1793, an Indo-Pacific bivalve, are reported from off the Mediterranean coast of Israel. The taxonomy and nomenclature of this new Lessepsian migrant are briefly discussed. The polymorphism of the Mediterranean specimens is discussed. Their habitat is described, and the epibionts and predators in the Mediterranean are enumerated.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Thanks are owed to Tsubasa Kohyama and two anonymous reviewers for evaluating this manuscript. We acknowledge valuable presubmission comments from David Salstein and are grateful to Richard Ray for supplying his own comprehensive L2 compilation that served as a reference data set throughout this work. Scott Woodruff and Steven Worley kindly allowed us to reprint some of the ICOADS Release 2.5 coverage maps. Financial support of this study was made available by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) and the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) within project I1479-N29. We also thank Deutscher Wetterdienst, Offenbach, Germany, and appreciate the provision of meteorological data by the ECMWF, Reading, U.K., the National Centers of Environmental Information (NOAA), U.S., and the Research Data Archive (RDA) of NCAR, U.S. Data availability. The in situ tidal estimates and the gridded empirical L2 model for the annual mean and the three seasons can be downloaded at http://ggosatm.hg.tuwien.ac.at/L2.html.
- Lessepsian migration
- Spondylus spinosus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology