The present study offers a new edition of Serekh ha-‘Edah, the Rule of the Congregation from Cave 1 of Qumran (1QSa). Although this text has been the subject of several editions and studies since its original publication in 1955, a new edition is required in light of recent findings. Those include the identification and reconstruction of a copy of the Rule of the Congregation in Cryptic script from Cave 4, as well as new methods for working with the available images. The reconstruction of lacunas in this edition has been carried out using digital tools, on the basis of actual letters preserved in the same scroll. We survey previous scholarship on 1QSa and provide a new edition (transliteration, translation and commentary), including several new readings, some changes in the placement of small fragments, as well as several new textual reconstructions.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
1. Work on this article was supported by the foundation Deutsche-Israelische Projekt-kooperation (DIP, grant BE 5916/1-1) as part of the project Scripta Qumranica Electronica. The MA student Einat Tamir has masterfully carried out the digital reconstructions of 1QSa. Tamir’s work was funded by the Israel Science Foundation, grant Number 1330/14. We also thank Asaf Gayer for his involvement in various aspects of the study. PAM images (which are not reproduced here) were supplied courtesy of the Israel Antiquities Authority. The images reproduced below (figures 1-3) are a graphic reconstruction of the scroll based on a photograph taken by Bruce and Kenneth Zuckerman, West Semitic Research, in collaboration with Princeton Theological Seminary. Courtesy Jordan Museum.
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cultural Studies
- Religious studies
- Literature and Literary Theory