A key challenge of fostering digital literacy is developing learners' ability to construct knowledge from information sources that present diverse viewpoints. This study investigated the relation between learners' epistemic perspectives and their comprehension of authors' viewpoints. Additionally, the study examined if epistemic perspectives and viewpoint comprehension predict information source integration and explored how epistemic perspectives moderate the impact of conflicts on viewpoint comprehension. 170 participants responded to an epistemic thinking assessment, read conflicting or converging blog-posts regarding a socio-scientific controversy, wrote arguments, and completed tasks assessing viewpoint comprehension. Absolutism and multiplism were found to be negative predictors and evaluativism a positive predictor of viewpoint comprehension. Viewpoint comprehension mediated the relation between epistemic perspectives and information source integration in written arguments. Conflicts between sources improved viewpoint comprehension only in high levels of multiplism and evaluativism. The findings advance the understanding of the relation between learners' epistemic thinking and multiple document comprehension.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Learning and Instruction|
|State||Published - 1 Apr 2015|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was funded by a grant to Yoram Eshet-Alkalai and Sarit Barzilai from the Open University of Israel's research fund . Additional funding for the study was awarded to Sarit Barzilai by the I-CORE Program of the Israel Council of Higher Education and the Israel Science Foundation , grant 1716/12 . We are grateful to Eynav Tzadok for her assistance in data collection and analysis and to Eyal Rabin and Haggai Kupermintz for their statistical advice. We also thank Lucia Mason and the anonymous reviewers for their thoughtful and constructive comments on earlier versions of this manuscript.
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
- Digital literacy
- Epistemic thinking
- Information source integration
- Multiple document comprehension
- Viewpoint comprehension
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology