The role of actin cytoskeleton in memory formation in amygdala

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The central, lateral and basolateral amygdala (BLA) nuclei are essential for the formation of long-term memories including emotional and drug-related memories. Studying cellular and molecular mechanisms of memory in amygdala may lead to better understanding of how memory is formed and of fear and addiction-related disorders. A challenge is to identify molecules activated by learning that subserve cellular changes needed for memory formation and maintenance in amygdala. Recent studies show that activation of synaptic receptors during fear and drug-related learning leads to alteration in actin cytoskeleton dynamics and structure in amygdala. Such changes in actin cytoskeleton in amygdala are essential for fear and drug-related memories formation. Moreover, the actin cytoskeleton subserves, after learning, changes in neuronal morphogenesis and glutamate receptors trafficking in amygdala. These cellular events are involved in fear and drug-related memories formation. Actin polymerization is also needed for the maintenance of drug-associated memories in amygdala. Thus, the actin cytoskeleton is a key mediator between receptor activation during learning and cellular changes subserving long-term memory (LTM) in amygdala. The actin cytoskeleton may serve as a target for pharmacological treatment of fear memory associated with fear and anxiety disorders and drug addiction to prevent the debilitating consequences of these diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number23
JournalFrontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Volume9
Issue numberMAR
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Mar 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Lamprecht.

Keywords

  • Actin cytoskeleton
  • Amygdala
  • Drug memory
  • Fear memory
  • Glutamate receptors
  • Spine morphology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Molecular Biology

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