The relationship between sensory processing difficulties and leisure activity preference of children with different types of ADHD

Batya Engel-Yeger, Daniella Ziv-On

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Sensory processing difficulties (SPD) are prevalent among children with ADHD. Yet, the question whether different SPD characterize children with different types of ADHD has not received enough attention in the literature. The current study characterized sensory processing difficulties (SPD) of children with different types of ADHD and explored the relationship between SPD and leisure activity preference.Participants were 58 boys aged 6-10 years: 29 boys with ADHD: 15 with hyperactive-impulsive type and 14 characterized as inattentive. The controls were 29 typical peers. SPD were evaluated by The Short Sensory Profile (SSP) completed by the parents. Participants answered the preference for activities of children (PAC).According the results, SPD were manifested among children with both ADHD types. Children with both ADHD types showed significantly lower preference to participate in leisure activities than the controls. Their lower preference correlated with SPD. The findings suggest that children with different ADHD types may share common SPD, which may negatively impact their activity preference. In this study it seemed that children with ADD were more vulnerable to these impacts. SPD and participation should be considered in evaluation and intervention programs for children with ADHD in order to focus on child's abilities, needs and preferences, and enhance intervention success, child's relationships with peers and child's well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1154-1162
Number of pages9
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • Activity preference
  • Leisure activities
  • Outcome measure
  • Participation
  • Sensory processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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