Purpose: (1) To profile sensory deficits examined in the ability to process sensory information from daily environment and discriminate between tactile stimuli among patients with controlled and un-controlled diabetes mellitus. (2) Examine the relationship between the sensory deficits and patients’ health-related quality of life. Methods: This study included 115 participants aged 33–55 with uncontrolled (n = 22) or controlled (n = 24) glycemic levels together with healthy subjects (n = 69). All participants completed the brief World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire, the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile and performed the tactile discrimination test. Results: Sensory deficits were more emphasized among patients with uncontrolled glycemic levels as expressed in difficulties to register sensory input, lower sensation seeking in daily environments and difficulties to discriminate between tactile stimuli. They also reported the lowest physical and social quality of life as compared to the other two groups. Better sensory seeking and registration predicted better quality of life. Disease control and duration contributed to these predictions. Conclusions: Difficulties in processing sensory information from their daily environments are particularly prevalent among patients with uncontrolled glycemic levels, and significantly impacted their quality of life. Clinicians should screen for sensory processing difficulties among patients with diabetes mellitus and understand their impacts on patients’ quality of life.Implications for Rehabilitation Patients with diabetes mellitus, and particularly those with uncontrolled glycemic levels, may have difficulties in processing sensory information from daily environment. A multidisciplinary intervention approach is recommended: clinicians should screen for sensory processing deficits among patients with diabetes mellitus and understand their impacts on patients’ daily life. By providing the patients with environmental adaptations and coping strategies, clinicians may assist in optimizing sensory experiences in real life context and elevate patients’ quality of life. Relating to quality of life and emphasizing a multidisciplinary approach is of major importance in broadening our understanding of health conditions and providing holistic treatment for patients.
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- Sensory sensitivity
- daily life
- tactile discrimination
ASJC Scopus subject areas