The Relation Between Discrimination, Sense of Coherence and Health Varies According to Ethnicity: A Study Among Three Distinct Populations in Israel

Orna Baron-Epel, Vincent Berardi, John Bellettiere, Waleed Shalata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Self-reported experiences of discrimination and sense of coherence (SOC) have been found to be associated with health. A face-to-face survey of Long Term Jewish Residents (LTJR), Arabs and former Soviet Union (fSU) immigrants in Israel was performed. Respondents reported their physical and mental health, self-reported experiences of discrimination, SOC and socioeconomic status. Multivariable logistic regressions and bootstrapping path analyses were performed. Discrimination was associated with health after adjusting for all other variables. SOC was also associated with health. SOC did not mediate the strong association between discrimination and health among Israeli LTJR, but was a significant mediator among Arabs and fSU immigrants. Discrimination seems to have a direct effect on health only among the majority and not among minority populations. High levels of SOC may reduce the negative effects of discrimination on health by serving as a coping resource, however only among minorities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1386-1396
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The last author received a scholarship from the National Institute for Healthcare Services and Policy Research to partially fund this study.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Keywords

  • Discrimination
  • Ethnicity
  • Israel
  • Minorities
  • Sense of coherence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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