The protective effect of moderate maternal peanut consumption on peanut sensitization and allergy

Tamar Landau, Bella Vakulenko-Lagun, Michael Brandwein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The Learning Early About Peanut Allergy or LEAP trial found that the early introduction of peanuts in the diet of infants at risk for peanut allergies prevents peanut allergy. The effect of maternal consumption of peanuts on subsequent peanut sensitization or peanut allergy in the LEAP trial has not been studied to date.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal consumption of peanut protein while breastfeeding protects against peanut-allergic outcomes in the absence of peanut consumption in infants.

METHODS: We performed an analysis of the data from the peanut avoidance arm of the LEAP study to discern the effects of maternal consumption of peanuts while pregnant and breastfeeding on an infant's peanut-allergic outcomes.

RESULTS: Of the 303 infants in the avoidance group, 31 mothers consumed more than 5 g of peanut per week, 69 consumed less than 5 g of peanut per week and 181 did not consume peanut while breastfeeding. Peanut sensitization (P = .03) and peanut allergy (P = .07) occurred less frequently in infants whose mothers consumed a moderate amount of peanuts while breastfeeding when compared with those who either did not consume peanuts while breastfeeding or those who consumed a large amount of peanuts when breastfeeding. Ethnicity (odds ratio [OR], 0.47; P = .046, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22-0.99), baseline peanut skin prick test stratum (OR, 4.87; P < .001, 95% CI, 2.13-11.12), no maternal peanut consumption while breastfeeding (OR, 3.25; P = .008, 95% CI, 1.36-7.77), and baseline SCORing Atopic Dermatitis greater than 40 (OR, 2.78; P = .007, 95% CI, 1.32-5.85) were all significant contributors to peanut sensitization or allergy at 60 months of age.

CONCLUSION: Moderate consumption (<5 grams per week) of peanuts while breastfeeding provides a significant protective effect against peanut sensitization and a noticeable but not statistically significant protective effect against peanut allergy later on in life in high-risk infants in the context of delayed peanut introduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-238
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
Volume131
Issue number2
Early online date24 Apr 2023
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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