The procoagulant potential before and after surgery for endometriosis and its association with disease severity

Amihai Rottenstreich, Yosef Kalish, Adi Gilan, Galia Spectre, Geffen Kleinstern, Uri Dior

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have suggested that endometriosis is associated with increased hypercoagulable state. We aimed to determine the procoagulant potential among women with endometriosis before and after surgery.

METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study performed during 2020-2021 at a university hospital. Women undergoing laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis served as the study group. Blood samples were taken preoperatively and 3 months after surgery. The degree of hypercoagulability was assessed by thrombin generation, a global marker of the activation of the coagulation system, expressed as the endogenous thrombin potential (ETP). Healthy volunteers, without any medical condition or medications use, matched for age and weight of the study group, served as a control group.

RESULTS: Thirty women with histologically-proven endometriosis and thirty healthy control subjects were enrolled in this study. Median preoperative ETP was significantly higher in women with moderate-to-severe endometriosis (3313 [interquartile range, IQR 3067-3632] nM) as compared to those with minimal-to-mild disease (2368 [IQR 1850-2621] nM) and the control group (2451 [2096-2617] nM) ( P  < 0.001 for both comparisons). Following surgery, the ETP significantly decreased in those with moderate-to-severe endometriosis (postoperative: 2368 vs. preoperative: 3313 nM, P  < 0.001) and was comparable to the ETP in the control group ( P  = 0.35). In multivariate analysis, moderate-to-severe endometriosis was the only independent predictor of the preoperative ETP level ( P  < 0.001), with a direct positive correlation between disease revised American Society for Reproductive Medicine severity score and the preoperative ETP level ( rs  = 0.67; P  < 0.0001).

CONCLUSION: Moderate-to-severe endometriosis is associated with enhanced hypercoagulable state, which decreases significantly after surgery. Disease severity was independently associated with the degree of hypercoagulability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-309
Number of pages5
JournalBlood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. All rights reserved.


  • Endometriosis/complications
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Patient Acuity
  • Prospective Studies
  • Thrombin
  • Thrombophilia/etiology


Dive into the research topics of 'The procoagulant potential before and after surgery for endometriosis and its association with disease severity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this