The historic walled port city of Akko, a unesco world heritage site, is located at the north-eastern extremity of Haifa Bay, on the Mediterranean coast of Israel. During the 17th-19th centuries, Akko was one of the commercial ports along the Levant, and site of several naval campaigns as the militarily strategic ‘Key to the East’. The four Ottoman period shipwrecks in Akko harbour affirm its maritime importance, add essential information to the knowledge of the construction of ships that plied the eastern Mediterranean in the twilight of the Ottoman period, and shed light on the nature of seafaring, commerce, and other maritime activities along the Levant coast.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The study of the shipwrecks was supported by the Israel Science Foundation, the Honor Frost Foundation, the late Ron Marlar, the Yaacov Salomon Foundation, the late Reuven Sadnai-Coral Maritime Services Ltd, the Halpern Foundation, a Sir Maurice Hatter Fellowship, the Hecht Trust, a Jewish National Fund Fellowship, the President, Rector, Dean and Faculty of Humanities, and the Research Authority of the University of Haifa, and anonymous donors, to whom the author is grateful. The Israeli and overseas volunteers, and the pupils and staff of the Israel Nautical College at Akko, deserve special gratitude for their help, efforts and enthusiasm. The author is grateful to J. B. Tresman for the English editing. This paper is dedicated to the memory of Ronald G. Marlar, enthusiastic supporter of the Akko underwater excavations project.
© 2019 Fabrizio Serra Editore. All rights reserved.
- Ottoman period
- Underwater excavation
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