The nonverbal assessment of personality in five cultures

Sampo V. Paunonen, Moshe Zeidner, Harald A. Engvik, Paul Oosterveld, Rodney Maliphant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Nonverbal Personality Questionnaire, a structured nonverbal measure of Murray's needs, and the Personality Research Form, a standard verbal measure of the same traits, were administered to respondents in five countries: Canada, England, the Netherlands, Norway, and Israel. Analysis of the nonverbal scales showed generally good levels of internal consistency, reliability, and convergent validity when compared against their verbal counterparts. Furthermore, meta-analyses of factor structure of both the nonverbal and verbal inventories showed a very clear organization to the personality traits assessed. The factors, based on data combined across cultures, resembled the Big Five factors of personality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-239
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology


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